Cycloidal gearboxes or reducers consist of four basic components: a high-speed input shaft, a single or substance cycloidal cam, cam followers or rollers, and a slow-speed output shaft. The insight shaft attaches to an eccentric drive member that induces eccentric rotation of the cycloidal cam. In compound reducers, the first track of the cycloidal cam lobes engages cam followers in the housing. Cylindrical cam followers become teeth on the internal gear, and the amount of cam supporters exceeds the number of cam lobes. The second track of substance cam lobes engages with cam supporters on the output shaft and transforms the cam’s eccentric rotation into concentric rotation of the result shaft, thus increasing torque and reducing quickness.
Compound cycloidal gearboxes offer ratios ranging from as low as 10:1 to 300:1 without stacking levels, as in standard planetary gearboxes. The gearbox’s compound reduction and can be calculated using:
where nhsg = the amount of followers or rollers in the fixed housing and nops = the number for followers or rollers in the slow swiftness output shaft (flange).
There are several commercial variations of cycloidal reducers. And unlike planetary gearboxes where variations are based on gear geometry, heat treatment, and finishing processes, cycloidal variations share simple design concepts but generate cycloidal movement in different ways.
Planetary gearboxes are made of three basic force-transmitting elements: a sun gear, three or more satellite or world gears, and an interior ring gear. In a typical gearbox, the sun equipment attaches to the insight shaft, which is linked to the servomotor. Sunlight gear transmits motor rotation to the satellites which, subsequently, rotate inside the stationary ring equipment. The ring gear is part of the gearbox casing. Satellite gears rotate on rigid Cycloidal gearbox shafts linked to the planet carrier and trigger the earth carrier to rotate and, thus, turn the output shaft. The gearbox gives the result shaft higher torque and lower rpm.